Rules of referencing essays

To ensure that you will give credit appropriately, begin by keeping your research materials organized. In most research assignments, students are encouraged — or even required — to use the research of others, but proper credit must be given. Purdue U Writing Lab, The title of the book should be formatted to distinguish it from the other details; in the example above it is italicised, but it could be in Rules of referencing essays, underlined or in inverted commas.

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Guidelines for Footnotes and Bibliography

Additionally, the exact point page number is listed. Recent research on the origins of early man has challenged the views expressed in many of the standard textbooks Barker, Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles or essays in edited collections.

If you have included a straight copy of a table or figure, then it is usual to add a reference to the table or figure caption thus: There are many other ways in which references can be formatted - look at the books and articles you read for other examples and at any guidelines in your course handbooks.

Recent research on the origins of early man has challenged the views expressed in many of the standard textbooks Barker, Knapper and Cropley Unlike the footnote reference, the surname is shown first, set off from the rest of the information.

Whether you are still in high school or you have moved onto college, you will need to write essays in almost every class.

Citation Guide: Home

It should properly attribute any ideas, paraphrases, or direct quotations to your source, and should direct readers to the entry in the list of works cited. The International Online-Only Journal, vol.

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University of Toronto Press, A physical object that you experienced firsthand should identify the place of location. All text should be double-spaced just like the rest of your essay.

Papers or articles within an edited book A reference to a paper or article within an edited book should in addition include:. Full details of the reference are then given at the bottom of the relevant page or, if endnotes are preferred, in numerical order at the end of the writing.

Rules for the formatting of the detailed references follow the same principles as for the reference lists for the 'author, date' system. Your references should begin on a new page separate from the text of the essay; label this page "References" centered at the top of the page (do NOT bold, underline, or.

The in-text citation is a brief reference within your text that indicates the source you consulted. It should properly attribute any ideas, paraphrases, or direct quotations to your source, and should direct readers to the entry in the list of works cited.

The reference list must include all references cited in the text of your paper. The only exceptions to this rule are personal communications and classical works; they are cited in text only and are not included in the Reference list. Guide to Referencing and Citations for Law Essays.

Accurate and consistent referencing is essential in all academic work.

Referencing and bibliographies

Whenever you refer to either the work or ideas of someone, or are influenced by another's work, you must acknowledge this. Footnotes and Bibliography From a standard reference work: Rules to Remember in Writing Footnotes: Titles of books, journals or magazines should be underlined or italicized.

Titles of articles or chapters—items which are only a part of a book--are put in quotation marks.

Referencing and bibliographies Rules of referencing essays
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Referencing and bibliographies — University of Leicester